Thursday, 29 June 2017
HOT NEWS
Official launch of the activities of the 2th edition of the fair International Agricultural of Kinshasa: Under the initiative of the Provincial Ministry of Agriculture of Kinshasa, the official launch for the 2nd International Agricultural Fair of Kinshasa took place on Wednesday June 14, 2017 at the KEMPISKI FLEUVE CONGO HOTEL. During the ceremony, several speeches were                                                    The Democratic Republic of Congo presents the Doing Business 2018 reforms: Under the patronage of His Excellency BAHATI LUKUEBO, Minister of State, Minister of Planning, the National Agency for the Promotion of Investment organized on Tuesday, May 30, 2017, at  Pullman Hotel, a workshop presenting the 2018 Doing Business reforms. Six indicators                                                    “The time for Africa is now – we can’t slow down, we must quicken the pace”: Adesina: India is the perfect place for the African Development Bank to focus on the transformative power of agriculture, Bank President Akinwumi Adesina has told the African, Indian and international press. “India is an inspiration to Africa, in that its Green                                                    ANAPI will take part at the DRC Mining Week which will be taking place in Lubumbashi on 23-24 June: DRC Mining Week is a well-established annual mining investment event aimed at creating an enabling environment to boost the industrialisation of the mining sector. The three-day programme will feature: a two-day conference for international and national stakeholders to gain knowledge and                                                    Burey Gold expands in Kilo-Moto greenstone belt: Mining company Burey Gold inked an agreement with Emirati firm Medidoc FZE to buy a 60% onterest in Tendao project which comprises five exploration licences covering a total of 1,456 km², in North-Western part of DR Congo. The deal will                                                    AfDB and Japan to spend $3bn to boost growth in Africa: During the sixth edition of the Tokyo International Conference for Africa’s Development (TICAD VI) recently held in Nairobi, Kenya, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the government of Japan signed a $3 billion agreement to boost growth in private sector                                                    DRC will take part at The Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) Summit in Nairobi: The Democratic Republic of Congo will take part at The Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) Summit in Nairobi, Kenya's capital. The delegation led by the Managing Director of the National Vocational Training Institute (INPP), Maurice Tshikuya                                                    kwilu: sensitization of executives of the public administration on the improvement of the business climate: Executives of the public administration and the private sector in the province of Kwilu and particularly those from Bandundu city, the capital of the province have been sensitized for two days on the reforms implemented to improve the business and                                                    Need to adapt the geological map of the DRC to the understanding of new minerals: Mr. Ikoli, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Minister of Mines, noted the need to adapt the old geological map of 1972 to the understanding of new minerals at the opening of the validation workshop of the new geological map                                                    FIKIN opens its doors this Saturday 16th of July 2016: The fair activities of Kinshasa for the year 2016 will start on Saturday, July 16 and close on 15th August, announced the Director General of the International Fair of Kinshasa (FIKIN), Eugene Bokopolo. The N ° 1 of FIKIN engaged with the                                                   

Energy

I. Potentials

The Congo River with its basin astride the Equator, provides the DRC with a usable energy potential estimated at 100,000 MW, spread across 780 sites in 145 territories and 76 000 villages. This potential represents approximately 37% of the African overall potential and about 6% of the global potential. 

The DRC also has significant potential resources of renewable energy such as biomass, wind, solar, biogas, biofuel, etc.

The energy situation of the provinces is as follows :

Provinces
Energetic situation
Kinshasa
  • Solar Potential : average sunshine varies between 3.22 and 4.89 kWh / m² / day ;
  • Wind potential : the average annual wind speed measured at 10 m height is 1.3 m / s ;
  • Electrification rate : 44.1%.
Katanga
  • Solar Potential : 6.5 kWh / m² / day ;
  • W ind potential : average wind speed of over 5m / sec ;
  • The installed capacity is 567 MW, while the current demand is estimated around 900 MW (including 600 MW only for the mining sector) .
Bas-Congo
  • The hydropower potential is estimated at 64,000 MW (560,640 GWh) per year ;
  • The Inga site alone stands for 69% of the potential (ie 44,000 MW).
Province Orientale
  • The overall potential of the sites currently identified is estimated at 7200MW ;
  • The electrification rate : 3.6%.
Kasaï Oriental
  • The electrification rate in the province is very low (0.5%) ;
  • Energy requirements (2012) are estimated at 264.774 MW against the insignificant current installed capacity (2012) : 1.94 MW, thus highlighting a very important gap that makes stop all sectors ;
  • The solar potential : 4.4 and 5.14 kWh / m2 / day.
Kasaï Occidental
  • The hydroelectric potential is 103 MW ;
  • The electrification rate is very low : 1% with a non-existent power ;
  • The total installed capacity is 31.7 MW 20.7 MW stopped representing 65.2% of installed power ;
  • The solar potential varies between 5.16 kWh / m² / day and 5.26 kWh/ m2 /day.
Nord-Kivu
  • The current electrification rate is estimated at 3.1% ;
  • The installable power can reach 240.3 MW ;
  • B iomass potential : the annual producible energy can reach 76,583.74 MWh ;
  • Solar p otential : the average sunshine varies between 4 and 5.5 kWh / m2 / day ;
  • Natural gas : the potential could reach 57.00 billion Nm3.
Sud-Kivu
  • Hydroelectric potential : t he installable power can reach 1050.00 MW ;
  • B iomass potential : the annual producible energy can reach 109 878.88 MWh / year ;
  • Solar p otential : average sunshine reaches 5 kWh /m2 / day ;
  • Wind potential : the average annual rate of less than 5 m/s ;
  • Natural gas : the potential could reach 57.00 billion Nm3 ;
  • Annual electrification rate : 7.9%.
Maniema
  • The electrification rate is very low 3.0% ;
  • The solar potential, located in a strip between 3,5 and 6.75 KWh / m² / day) ;
  • Production is available : 2.1MW.
Bandundu
  • Hydroelectric potential estimated at 104 MW ;
  • Solar potential : sunshine varying from 4.5 to 7 kWh /m² /day ;
  • The electrification rate is 0.6%, penultimate nationally ;
  • The province has a huge gap of about 408.35 MW between supply and demand : the installed capacity of existing facilities is 22.66 MW, against a power of 431,01MW to cover current energy needs .
Equateur
  • The electrification rate : Very low ≈1.4% while the province has several sites identified in the northern part ;
  • Strong biomass potential (about 40 million hectares of forests on 86 million that abounds the DRC ;
  • Energy requirements (2012) in the province are estimated at 426, 085 MW (all territories of Equateur), against an availability of around 26, 770MW (2010) ;
  • Good sunshine level with values between 5 and 5.5 kWh/ m²/d.

Sources : Atlas of the Ministry of Water Resources, Kinshasa, 2014.

Of the total installed capacity in DRC estimated at 2,516 MW, SNEL has a generation capacity of about 2,416 MW, or 96% of installed national power, consisting essentially of hydroelectric plants. However, actual production is only 6,000 to 7,000 Gwh. The auto producers share the remaining 100 MW of installed capacity, or 4%.

Despite the huge potential that the country abounds, much of the land remains without electricity because of the dilapidated facilities dating from the colonial period and the lack of new investors in the sector. The country’s electrification rate remains low at 9.6% and the government’s vision is to increase the level of service up to 32% in 2030.

But the country does not have sufficient financial resources to cope with all these plant construction needs, an Investment Code and a Code of Electricity were established to attract private investors to the sector.

II. Achievements

  • Liberalization of the sector to private partners ;
  • Public-private partnership which has promoted the implementation of the following projects : great Katende, Kakobola, Zongo II, etc ... ;
  • Public-Public Partnership between the DRC and South Africa for the construction of Inga III plant with a capacity of 4,500 MW.

III. Vision

- Increase the supply rate of electricity from 9% to 32%; 
- Construction of energy highways in the following lines :

  • Inga Site → Gabon → Cameroon → Nigeria → Mali
  • Inga Site → Central Africa → Chad → Libya
  • Inga Site → Angola → Namibia → Botswana → South Africa
  • Inga Site → South Africa → Sudan → Egypt
  • Inga Site → Malawi → Zambia → Zimbabwe → Lesotho

 

Image Energy

IV. legal framework

The energy sector in the DRC is regulated by Law No. 14/011 of 17 June 2014 which aims in particular at :

  • Effective liberalization of the sector ;
  • The promotion and harmonious development of supply in urban, pre-urban and rural areas ;
  • The coverage in electricity need for all categories by the quality supplies ;
  • The guarantee of fair competition between operators and users’ rights.

This law applies to activities of production, transmission, distribution, import, export and marketing of electricity implemented by any operator.

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